AP Biology class blog for discussing current research in Biology

Are You Predisposed to Being Overweight? New Genetic Variations Say Yes.

Recent studies composed by researchers from the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre and the IMDEA Food Institute show that people with a specific variation or version of a gene crucial to cell nutrition tend to accumulate less fat. This means that those with a particular change or alteration in this gene may be inclined to store less fat in their bodies. Prior research has shown that genetics only play a role in 20% of our body weight for the general population. This means that other external factors such as diet, exercise, and overall lifestyle have much more of an impact on body weight.

Past research has identified nearly 100 genetic variants which slightly increase one’s likelihood of having a high BMI. This new research identifies one additional variant. Typically genetic variations are only slightly different versions of a gene and often do not result in visible changes. But, this new variation challenges this idea. It affects the amount of fat the body stores, something which can strongly alter one’s physical appearance. What’s more, the researchers of this gene have found that it is more prevalent in Europe with just under 60% of the population having it.

Ácido desoxirribonucleico (DNA)


According to Alejo Efeyan, the head of CNIO’s Metabolism and Cell Signalling Group, the new research can help us to further understand the role which genes play in obesity, body weight, and fat accumulation. Efeyan says, “the finding is a step forward in the understanding of the genetic components of obesity.” Additionally, Ana Ramirez de Molina, the director of the IMDEA Food Institute, claims that a key understanding of cell pathways regarding cell nutrition may affect and spur the creation of not only obesity prevention but also personalized treatments. Essentially, understanding the new gene can help us to target obesity and body weight on an individual level rather than the population as a whole. She believes, “a deep knowledge of the involvement of the cellular nutrient-sensing pathway in obesity may have implications for the development and application of personalized strategies in the prevention and treatment of obesity.”

To find and research the genetic variant which influences fat storage and obesity a team from the IMDEA Food institute collected a variety of data from 790 healthy volunteers. This included body weight, muscle mass, genetic material, and more. The researchers found a “significant correlation between one of these variants in the FNIP2 gene and many of these obesity-related parameters.” Essentially their research proved that there is a connection between the specific gene and factors of obesity. The study has also been published in the scientific journal of Genome Biology. Although this gene may play a role in keeping body fat storage lower than others, it is important to note that it is not entirely a preventative measure against obesity or fat gain. Efeyan clarifies, “It is not at all the case that people with this genetic variant can overeat without getting fat.”

The genetic variation is present in a gene that specifically partakes in a signaling pathway that tells the cell what nutrients are available and needed. The gene signals to the cell what nutrition is necessary at a given moment. In our AP Bio class, we learned the intricacies of cell communication; how and why it can occur, the stages of it, and even the differences in the distances of communication. Connecting back to our AP Bio class, I wonder whether the gene interacts in an adjacent, paracrine, or long-distance manner. Also, how the distance can affect the communication of the gene to the cell regarding cell nutrition. We also learned about how genes in the nucleus of our cells can code for specific factors in our bodies and how they are a sort of ‘instructions’ for us to carry out. This connects to the research as we can see that a change in a gene can alter our body’s fat storage and connection to obesity. The genetic variation changed the ‘instructions’ for weight, fat storage, and obesity disposition. Additionally, the research stated that 60% percent of Europeans have genetic variation, I wonder what may have caused this. Was it a result of their diets, lineage, geography, or just a scientific anomaly? I invite any and all comments with a perspective and an idea as to what may have caused this, along with any comments regarding this research as a whole.

Obesity-waist circumference



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1 Comment

  1. jouleian

    Wow, this is a really interesting and informative post about the recent discovery of a genetic variant that may play a role in obesity and fat storage. I particularly appreciated the way you highlighted the potential for this new understanding of the gene to lead to the development of personalized treatments for obesity. It’s clear that you’ve put a lot of thought into analyzing and synthesizing the information presented in the research studies, and I found your insights and questions about the gene’s communication pathways and potential applications for personalized treatments to be particularly insightful. One aspect of the post that I found particularly interesting was the discussion of the prevalence of the genetic variant in different populations. It’s fascinating to think about how genetics may influence obesity and fat storage differently in different parts of the world, and I would be curious to see if further research on this topic uncovers any additional patterns or trends. I found an article from harvard called: ‘genes are not destiny’ ( this article states that obesity is a complex health issue that is influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. While some people may have a genetic predisposition to obesity, this does not necessarily mean that they will become obese. Instead, other factors, such as diet, physical activity, and lifestyle, play a significant role in the development of obesity. Studies have shown that being physically active can counteract some of the genetic risk for obesity, and that changes in the environment, such as the availability of unhealthy food and a decrease in physical activity, can contribute to the rise in obesity rates. Overall, it is really cool to consider both genetic and environmental factors when trying to understand and address the issue of obesity.

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