For old people who fear severe memory loss or forms of dementia, there is hope!
Scientists have found that there are several simple activities and mental exercises that can prolong a healthy memory. As people get older they retain certain types of memory, such as semantic memory and procedural memory. Semantic Memory includes common sense, general knowledge about the world and basic things such as vocabulary. Procedural memory includes simple everyday tasks.
However, other parts of the memory do not fare as well in old age. Important types of memory such as episodic memory, source memory, working memory and prospective memory do not function at the same levels they once did. Any loss of ability in these types of memory can lead to inconvenient things such as forgetting appointments, being unable to recall past events, inability to retain short-term memory and more!
It is important to understand that memory loss is not inevitable.
For those aging citizens who wish to be proactive in preventing any sort of memory loss, there are proven ways to “bolster memory in old age”. Here are some suggestions scientists have made based on multiple studies:
Making lists or recording information in your phone can help you remember events in the future or tasks you must complete.
Associating information with a certain image, word or phrase can help you to recall names, dates, facts and events.
Another tip rests on the motto “use it or lose it”, meaning the more you use your memory the more effective it will be. This method of improving memory also correlates to the method of staying physically active in order to maintain mental health. Studies have shown that increased aerobic exercise or even just movement in daily life such as walking to work can improve memory. Staying fit physically can also mean staying fit mentally!
This is important for even teenagers to understand. Generally speaking, students don’t have an issue with staying active mentally. Being in class all day long and then studying at home provides more than enough mental activity. The part about staying fit physically, however, is not as commonly accomplished. If you stay fit physically all the studying and classwork you do will be even more productive and you will have an easier time remembering all of the information you are learning.
main article: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=memory-in-old-age-can-be-bolstered&page=3
additional references: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=fit-body-fit-mind