Chemical Changes Triggering Allergic Reactions

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A research team at Oxford University recently conducted a study to determine what conditions are more likely to trigger an allergic reaction to nuts in mice. The team used roasted peanuts and raw (regular) peanuts, purifying the proteins from both and then introducing the 2 types of peanut proteins multiple ways. The response was shocking: […]

Study Shows Link Between Enzyme and Spread of Breast Cancer

 ”40,000 women in America will die of breast cancer in 2014.” This is a truly terrifying projection. Breast Cancer is an extremely deadly, and extremely prevalent cancer that affects the lives of millions each year. In my personal experience, I have many friends and family members that have battled against this cancer. So many are […]

The Perfect “Enzyme Cocktail”

  There is currently a great desire worldwide to create fuels from plants (that are abundant and not eaten).  For background on this topic, click here.  This process is possible, but making the fuel is expensive, time consuming, and difficult.  However, chemists at the Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have done research to develop […]

Hearing Loss Clue Uncovered

In the United States, approximately forty-eight million (twenty percent) of men and women suffer some degree of hearing loss, as it is the third most common physical condition after arthritis and heart disease. While it is most often associated with the population sixty-five and older, hearing loss effects all ages, as thirty school children per […]

Protein Might Help Fight Deadly Diseases

The enzyme “Cholesterol-25-Hydroxylase,” or CH25H, might help fight against human viruses such as Rift Valley Fever, Niphah and HIV. CH25H converts cholesterol to an oxysterol called 25HC, which can permeate a cell’s wall to prevent a virus from getting in. The CH25H enzyme is activated by interferon, an anti-viral cell signaling protein produced in the […]

Amino Acids and Autism

According to a recent study, an amino acid deficiency may be to blame for a rare form of hereditary autism. As stated in the Nature magazine article, genome sequencing in six children with Middle Eastern backgrounds uncovered “mutations in a gene that stops several essential amino acids being depleted” (Callaway). These mutations inactivate the enzyme […]

Gamers solve some of biology’s most difficult riddles?

Who is solving some of biology’s most difficult puzzles and riddles? Obviously scientists, right? Think again. It’s the gamers. An article recently reported that a revolutionary online game called Foldit, allows anyone, from gamers to students, to help predict the foldings and structures of  various proteins by playing competitively online. Protein folding is one of biology’s most difficult and […]